perjantai 9. toukokuuta 2014

F. Delitzsch ja arjalainen Jeesus

Todella surullinen tarina Enuma elish eepoksesta natsi-kristittyihin.

Henkivaltoja Mesopotamian muinaisuudesta...

Ei todellakaan luterilainen teologi ja erinomainen heprean taitaja Franz Delitzsch (1813-1890) vaan hänen poikansa Leiptzigin yliopiston assyrologian professori Friedrich Delitzsch (1850-1922) ja hänen oppilaansa Paul Haupt (1858-1922).

Babel und Bibel (1902, 1903)
Friedrich omaksui Hermann Gunkelin ajatuksen, että Genesiksen luomiskertomus on vain juutalaisten kirjureiden onneton kopio Enuma elish eepoksesta.
Friedrich Delitzsch specialized in the study of ancient Middle Eastern languages, and published numerous works on Assyrian language, history and culture.

He is remembered today for his scholarly critique of the Biblical Old Testament. In a 1902 controversial lecture titled "Babel and Bible", Delitzsch maintained that many Old Testament writings were borrowed from ancient Babylonian tales, including the stories of the Creation and Flood from the Book of Genesis. During the following years there were several translations and modified versions of the "Babel and Bible".

In the early 1920s, Delitzsch published the two-part Die große Täuschung (The Great Deception), which was a critical treatise on the book of Psalms, prophets of the Old Testament, the invasion of Canaan, etc. Delitzsch also stridently questioned the historical accuracy of the Hebrew Bible and placed great emphasis on its numerous examples of immorality (see also Julius Wellhausen).

Arjalainen Jeesus
Although Delitszch's proposal to replace the Old Testament with German myths did not extend to this revision, his student Paul Haupt was one of the major advocates of the thesis of the Aryan Jesus.
Paul Haupt
Hermann Hugo Paul Haupt (25 November 1858 in Görlitz – 15 December 1926 in Baltimore, Maryland) was a Semitic scholar, one of the pioneers of Assyriology in the United States.

He studied at the universities of Berlin and Leipzig. In 1880 he became privatdocent in the University of Göttingen and from 1883 to 1889 was assistant professor of Assyriology. In 1883 he became professor of Semitic languages at Johns Hopkins University, but until 1889 continued to lecture in the summer at Göttingen.

He introduced the principle of the neogrammarians into Semitic philology, and discovered the Sumerian dialect in 1880.

In addition to numerous smaller articles, he projected and edited the Polychrome Bible, a critical edition of the Hebrew text of the Old Testament, and a new English translation with notes. A unique feature of this edition is the use of different colors to distinguish the various sources and component parts in the Old Testament books—each one of which is entrusted to a specialist in biblical studies.

He was an associate editor of Hebraer. In 1881, he became co-editor with Friedrich Delitzsch of the Beiträge zur Assyriologie und semitischen Sprachwissenschaft published in Leipzig.

Haupt received the honorary Doctor of Laws (LL.D) from the University of Glasgow in June 1901.
Lue koko artikkeli wikipedia

Susannah Heschel (2010)
Susannah Heschel. The Aryan Jesus: Christian theologians and the Bible in Nazi Germany.
Princeton University Press (2010)

Princeton University Press esittelee teosta vahvoin sanoin
Was Jesus a Nazi? During the Third Reich, German Protestant theologians, motivated by racism and tapping into traditional Christian anti-Semitism, redefined Jesus as an Aryan and Christianity as a religion at war with Judaism. In 1939, these theologians established the Institute for the Study and Eradication of Jewish Influence on German Religious Life. In The Aryan Jesus, Susannah Heschel shows that during the Third Reich, the Institute became the most important propaganda organ of German Protestantism, exerting a widespread influence and producing a nazified Christianity that placed anti-Semitism at its theological center.

Based on years of archival research, The Aryan Jesus examines the membership and activities of this controversial theological organization. With headquarters in Eisenach, the Institute sponsored propaganda conferences throughout the Nazi Reich and published books defaming Judaism, including a dejudaized version of the New Testament and a catechism proclaiming Jesus as the savior of the Aryans. Institute members--professors of theology, bishops, and pastors--viewed their efforts as a vital support for Hitler's war against the Jews. Heschel looks in particular at Walter Grundmann, the Institute's director and a professor of the New Testament at the University of Jena. Grundmann and his colleagues formed a community of like-minded Nazi Christians who remained active and continued to support each other in Germany's postwar years.

The Aryan Jesus raises vital questions about Christianity's recent past and the ambivalent place of Judaism in Christian thought.

Lue koko artikkeli Princeton University Press

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